Evolución del trastorno del espectro autista en Almería: prevalencia e incidencia por sexos, comorbilidad y distribución municipal

Autores/as

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54790/rccs.10

Palabras clave:

trastorno del espectro autista, incidencia, prevalencia, comorbilidad, educación inclusiva, distribución por sexo

Resumen

Se valora la evolución de prevalencia e incidencia del trastorno del espectro autista (TEA) por sexo, de 2008-2020, comorbilidades más frecuentes y distribución municipal en la provincia de Almería (España).
Se realiza un estudio descriptivo longitudinal con información de la Administración educativa, calculando prevalencia e incidencia acumulada en todo el período, estratificada por sexos. Para el cálculo de predicciones se utiliza análisis de tendencias, y análisis de regresión para conocer relación de la distribución de población general en relación con población TEA.
En la provincia de Almería (España), la prevalencia pasa del 4,58‰ para hombres en 2008 al 15,26‰ en 2020, y del 1,49‰ para mujeres en 2008 al 2,71‰ en 2020. Se observa un aumento medio anual de la incidencia acumulada del 1,09‰. Se prevé llegar a una prevalencia del 18,41‰ en hombres y del 3,22‰ en mujeres en 2025. Las comorbilidades más frecuentes son el retraso mental y el trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad. En cuanto a su distribución municipal, la distribución de la población en general explica la distribución de los niños con TEA.
Se concluye con un crecimiento de la prevalencia de TEA en la provincia de Almería que se prevé siga aumentando en los próximos años.

Biografía del autor/a

Francisco Villegas Lirola, Universidad de Almería

Doctor en Psicopedagogía, ha desarrollado su labor profesional como maestro de educación especial, maestro de audición y lenguaje, orientador en instituto, coordinador del Equipo de Orientación Educativa Especializado de Almería, Coordinador del Área de Necesidades Educativas Especiales en el Equipo Técnico Provincial de Orientación, actualmente trabaja como Coordinador del Área de Recursos Técnicos para el alumnado con necesidades educativas especiales en el Equipo Técnico Provincial. Simultánea su actividad orientadora con la de profesor de la Universidad de Almería en el Departamento de Educación desde 2004. Forma parte del Grupo de Investigación HUM-782-UAL: Diversidad, Discapacidad y Necesidades Educativas Especiales desde 2002.

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Publicado

21.06.2022

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Villegas Lirola, F. (2022). Evolución del trastorno del espectro autista en Almería: prevalencia e incidencia por sexos, comorbilidad y distribución municipal. Revista CENTRA De Ciencias Sociales, 1(1), 103–132. https://doi.org/10.54790/rccs.10

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